The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 was aimed at
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a significant goal. Various parties called the uprising one of the bloodiest events in West Java province. At the time, there was a major murder that took many victims.
This included attacks in Sulawesi. By 1950, massacres were carried out in west Java province. The attack was led directly by Captain Westerling. He and APRA (Angkatan War Ratu Adil) along with 800 people maliciously committed different types of harsh acts.
APRA’s Hayno rebellion in West Java
The bloody attack on the victims of APRIS members was led by Pierre Westerling. In 1950, the attack took place . Reports say Westerling had 500,000 troops forming a secret organisation.
It was delivered directly by JM Verburg, who is the supervisor of police from the Netherlands. Reports were received and the secret organisation is said to have been named Ratu Adil Persatuan Indonesia. Meanwhile, the organization has armed units. This is called APRA.
When it was formed, Westerling contacted the Commander-in-Chief of the Dutch Army named Burman Van Vrchen. The meeting held Westerling to discuss a plan for a rebellion in President Sukarno’s government.
Finally, when he was on January 5, 1950, Pierre Westerling sent his ultimatum to RIS. In essence, he asked the RIS to respect states such as the Passundan state. He also asked THE RIS to acknowledge that APRA is an armed force and serves as a Passunda army.
However, the ultimatum was clearly not responsible. Finally, he decided to make a coup. Westerling and his followers killed the army they found. A number of his soldiers, along with Sergeant Meyer, were released to the city of Jakarta to make arrests against Soekarno.
Uprising APRA in West Java In 1950 BC.
This massive uprising in West Java province was carried out after Indonesia became independent. The resistance continued in different places until one day Indonesia gained independence with its own hands.
However, apparently various disputes or problems occurred after the declaration of independence. In fact, the APRA rebellion in West Java in 1950 had much intent.
- Maintenance of RIS
Various negotiations were conducted by dutch colonisers and the Republic of Indonesia and have always been parties of the Republic of Indonesia that often receive losses. For example, when negotiations were held such as Linggaryati and Renville , but it turned out that the Dutch side denied it.
Various parties have implemented guidelines for the Republic of Indonesia. However, there are also those who want RIS to stay. They are supporters of APRA. Supporters of the unitary state were eventually incapacitated by APRA
- Netherlands wants to be safe in Indonesia
The 1950 APRA uprising in West Java also aimed to keep the Dutch safe in Indonesia. The existence of these colonisers in Indonesia apparently provided a large profit for them. They receive funds from the colonies to live.
Of course, the benefits were received from the Dutch side from different areas. The Apra rebellion was also carried out as an exit to maintain its position in Indonesia.
- Pasundan states can be held
Negara Federal Pasundan is actually part of RIS. The location is in west Java province. The Dutch managed to support him along with people who were not on the side of the Republic of Indonesia.
- Forming federal states
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to form a federal state in the country. This is the main goal of establishing apra. This is done by killing various important parties to start the action.
- Defends the Army on its own
Belanda also wants to have her own army in her country. The right to freedom to govern the territory. Those who join the APRA are soldiers who are not accepted into ARIS because they have no conditions.
The sadistic resurrection of APRA
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a very sadistic goal. Bandung was like the city of Mati in the early 1950s .
The soldier is the leader of Raymond Westerling, queen of APRA. The movements continued to be implemented by APRA forces. These soldiers will rebel against civilians, seize goods and perform various types of torture.
Bandung residents were terrified. All stores are closed. All residents tried to save themselves from rebel forces. The soldiers continued to disarm all those who met on the Tsimindi road to Cibereum. All aris members they found were killed.
Staff who were willing to go to their bases also did not avoid their cruelty. Westerling, along with his men, never wanted to kill the ARIS soldiers he met. Not only were they shot, but APRIS soldiers were cut up like animals.
Their violent actions killed at least 61 TNI soldiers. The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 was intended to exploit the Dutch side, as well as to turn unknown civilians intoh 18. In fact, none of the APRA members were victims. This incident caused Bandung to become like a dead city.
APRA’s confession to the Prosecution of YaNg Heartbreak
The very heartbreaking incident in Bandung was also recognizable by APRA. The group admitted to conducting various types of removal of military figures of civilian figures in Bandung.
In fact, Westerling really sees several important figures in West Java province. These figures include Colonel Sadiquin, Lieutenant Setoko as Deputy Chief of Staff of SilivandNGI Division, and Major Mohammad Rivai as head of military information for Governor Military IV West Java.
The other four are Colonel St. Iskandardina, Colonel Lentan Dr. Eri Sudevo, who is the chief of staff of the Siliwangi Division, Sudjono, who is a member of the parliament of the state of Pasundan but is a pro-Pasundan state parliamentarian, Ri, and Major Roehan Rosley. The assassination plan was implemented by giving poison to 7 people.
But attempts to kill by mixing poison in their drinks apparently failed to be carried outn. This is because one of the members knew about the APRA plan that was very ugly. Finally, they planned to carry out a live shooting. However, it also failed because each of the matches managed to escape.
In the post-independence era, various forms of rebellion took place, making Indonesia hesitant. The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to weaken the Republic of Indonesia and destroy its government.